Phu Sang National Park is a part of Doi Pha Mon Mountain Range in King Amphoe Phu Sang, Chiang Kham District, Phayao, and Theong District, Chiang Rai. It’s 30-kilometre boundary, connects to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and covers a total area of 178,049 rai. Within the park are both evergreen and mixed deciduous forest. Important plant species include;
Phu Sang Waterfall
High and undulating mountain ranges include the summit of Doi Pha Mon, an original source of the Lao, Pueai, Bong, and Yuan Rivers. The watersheds nurture the agricultural sites of Chiang Kham District, Phu Sang Minor District in Phayao Province, and Thoeng District in Chiang Rai Province.
The national park is a habitat of Pu Lu or Siamese big-headed turtles, a rare and endangered species. This turtle is small, short, has a long tail and a big head, neither of which can be retracted into their shell. This makes them vulnerable to enemies or dangers such as forest fire. Therefore, Pu Lu turtles have become a symbol of forest fire prevention in Thailand. The Pu Lu turtle habitat is high mountain forests, near those waterfalls and creeks offering clean, clear water throughout the year. The turtles are best observed at night while they are searching for food.
Interesting attractions within the national park are as follows:
The Nature Study Route There are overall 3 routes in the national park with a distance of 1,400 metres (Huai Miang Route), 1,700 metres (Phu Sang Waterfall Route), and 2,400 metres (Huai Sa Route). Each of them takes approximately 2 hours for a trekking tour. There are also interpretation signs along the route; therefore, visitors can take a walk by themselves.
Pu Lu or Siamese Big-headed Turtles are a rare and endangered species of turtle whose origin is upper north Thailand and along the frontier connecting to Myanmar, and the southern part of China. Characteristically short, they have a dark green / black shell, and a length of approximately 15-20 centimetres. A point of distinction is their segmented tail, longer than their shell. They are unable to draw their head, legs, and tail into their shell, but are good climbers. Pu Lu turtles are nocturnal and eat shrimp, shells, crabs, and fish. During daytime, they hide amongst stones, and in cold season, they may hibernate.
How To Get There:
The National Park is located 90 kilometres from Phayao Province.
The Phu Sang National Park has accommodation and camping areas.
Phone: 0 5440 1099.